Kyphoplasty is a medical procedure that attempts to stop the pain caused by a bone fracture and attempts to restore the height and angle of Kyphosis of a fractured vertebra (of certain types), followed by its stabilization using injected bone filler material. Kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty represent the two procedures that percutaneously attempt to augment the strength of fracture or weakened spine bones (Vertebra).
The procedure can be performed under either local or general anesthesia, on multiple levels, out-patient or in-patient, and is viewed as minimally invasive. It is most commonly performed for spinal compression fractures caused by osteoporosis, a condition that weakens the bone, and is also sometimes performed for certain other conditions that may have led to a spinal fracture.
Kyphoplasty VS. Vertebroplasty
In comparison to vertebroplasty, kyphoplasty utilizes orthopedic balloons to create a void in a fractured vertebra, restore vertebral body height and correct angular deformity. The void allows a viscous cement to be deposited in a controlled manner stabilizing the fracture. In vertebroplasty, no balloon is used to restore vertebral body height and no cavity is created. Cement is injected into the fractured vertebra stabilizing it in its current state.